As mentioned before, everything that goes on in the present moment and whatever that will happen in the future revolve around history and the historical process. But as noted previously, history – along with strategy – has no definite methodology or theory. There are no definite procedures or resolute ideas to explain historical analysis and interpretation or strategy. Thus, historical analysis and interpretation are seen as an art by many thinkers rather than a resolute science. History is not a social science. Rather, history is part of the humanities, and the humanities are subject to artful and creative interpretations.
At the close of the Cold War, Francis Fukuyama’s analysis and interpretation of world history – which suggested that Americanism, the American way of life, and liberalism would spread around the world, thus fomenting the “End of History” – was considered as the biblical truth in Washington. Fukuyama was one of the original thinkers who gave rise to the neoconservative movement. In turn, Neocons went as far as imposing Fukuyama’s idea by force in Afghanistan and the Middle East in the 21st century. But what Washington ignored or overlooked was that culture and religion cannot be subtracted from political, economic, and social realities.
Thus, history has not and will not end with the spread of Americanism and liberalism, especially when the spread is conjured through military hegemony. Rather, history and the historical process flips Fukuyama’s logic on its head, in the sense that history and the historical process will compel Western cognizance and receptivity of cultures and religions that have been excluded and marginalized by the West for centuries. To a certain extent, Americanism and liberalism involve canceling and censoring cultures, religions, and viewpoints that do not conform to a liberal worldview that is essentially void of culture and religion. CNN and Axios provide a safe haven for neocon crooks and cronies, but end up blocking an independent blogger and journalist from sending his blog posts and essays to their journalists through email.
Also, strategy – which can roughly be defined as the means of getting what you want or the means by which one achieves a goal – is also an art. Knowing the most optimal means by which one can achieve a goal and get what one wants reduces “education” and schooling in a drastic way, according to the 20th century American writer Napoleon Hill. Through his documentation and research, Hill highlighted the secret formula or strategy of success given to him by the famous Andrew Carnegie, who himself had very little formal education or schooling.
Hill quoted Thomas Edison to explain this secret formula: “I had learned, from years of experience with men, that when a man really desires a thing so deeply that he is willing to stake his entire future on a single turn of the wheel in order to get it, he is sure to win.” Hill added:
“I wish to convey the thought that all achievement, no matter what its nature or purpose, must begin with an intense, burning desire for something definite. Through some strange and powerful principle of ‘mental chemistry,’ Nature wraps up in the impulse of strong desire ‘that something’ which recognizes no such word as impossible, and accepts no such reality as failure.”
It is thus worse to settle for something that does not evoke a burning desire or strong desire than to aim for one’s burning desire and strong desire but fail and go back to square one. As a result, an effective strategy stems from burning desire and a resolute thought. In the end, the goal is to increase one’s own personal sense of happiness, as well as society’s aggregate happiness. But logically, happiness follows from the actions and achievements that stem from both burning desire and active imagination.