Order and Chaos

If the goal or objective of the international community and international society is the establishment and preservation of peace, then the course of action or strategy aimed at the achievement of such a goal or objective is the establishment of ‘global order.’ Arguably, the order which is to be borne out of such a course of action or strategy is to be socially constructed. Whereas the prevailing global order is one that is underpinned by private financial institutions and warmongering, a futuristic order will have to be underpinned by mechanisms that are diplomatic and socially constructed in nature. And as mentioned before, at the heart of any social order are three basic tasks, namely, preventing the outbreak of violence, adjudicating disputes through diplomacy and mediation, as well as ensuring economic prosperity and social welfare for all people.

Hence, at the heart of everything in the realm of international affairs is a paradox, namely, the creation of global order and peace out of the chaos and instability resulting from the breakdown of the prevailing global order. Arguably, the breakdown of the prevailing ‘neoliberal’ or ‘neoconservative’ global order occurred in four successive stages. For one, the breakdown began immediately with the advent of the prevailing order at the beginning of the 20th century, in the sense that social and technological advancements which accompanied the advent of the prevailing global order led to the class disparities and inequality in America which set the basis or foundation for the gradual breakdown. The second stage of the breakdown is defined by the outbreak of war on a global scale in the 20th century, first with two successive world wars in the first half of the 20th century, followed by a ‘Cold War’ in the second half of the 20thcentury which was soon succeeded by about two decades of hegemonic wars thus far in the 21st century.

The outbreak of the coronavirus almost three years ago marked the third of four successive stages indicating the gradual breakdown of the prevailing global order. Essentially, the coronavirus manifested the psychosocial issues and problems which underlie the economic and political issues that are associated with the prevailing global order. Finally, there is the issue of climate change and environmental degradation, which marks the fourth and final stage of the breakdown of global order and is perhaps existential in nature. 

Arguably, the two basic alternatives to a diplomatic and socially constructed global order are either a continued decline that coincides with the passage of the three life stages of capitalism which were mentioned in previous blog posts, or an anarchic condition and state which is embodied best by figures and movements such as Donald Trump and the populist forces which have emerged in the Western world over the course of approximately the last decade. Arguably, the decline experienced as of late enhances the possibility and probability of an anarchic state. Donald Trump is essentially the master of chaos, and his mere presence on the international stage is a prime indicator of the basic condition and state of the global order in addition to serving as evidence that there are basic causes and factors which led to such a condition and state.

Although amnesia and denial of the basic causes and factors behind the breakdown of the prevailing global order are the default approaches to such basic causes and factors for many people, such approaches do not enable one to evade or ease the exhausting, difficult, and stressful responsibilities and tasks which will fall upon the shoulders of virtually everyone in the international community and international society over the next few months and years. 

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